Sujanpur Tira

Category: Himachal Pradesh, India Tagged with:

Sujanpur Tira which is also known as Sujanpur Tihra is situated on the bank of River Beas. The oldest police station of Himachal Pradesh is in Sujanpur Tira. Main beauty of this place is the green ground in the middle of the town which is surrounded with ancient old temples and the famous Sainik School. It is only 25 km from Hamirpur town and 80 km from Dharamsala .

History of Sujnapur Tira

Sujanpur holds it’s identify from Sajjanpur, which reflects the area related with honest and gentle people. In 1748, overlooking the settlement of Sujanpur, Abhaya Chand, a Katoch ruler, built a fortified palace top of a hill. Tira was later on added as Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch relocated his capital from Kangra to this location and added much more palaces, temples, courts and fort at the top of the hill ‘Tira’. It acquired the name Tira and with time this ancient town on the bank of river Beas began to be called Sujanpur- Tira.

Katoch have been kings for since the beginning and their empire can be followed back to 4300BC when Rajanaka Bhumi Chand started the Katoch Dynasty. They stated to have struggled with Lord Rama in 3000BC and Raja Susrma Chandra battled Pandavas during the Mahabharta War in 1500BC.

Towards the decline of Kingdome, Raja Sansar Chand shifted his capital 16 km further along the left bank of the Beas river to Sujanpur Tira into his third capital from Nadaun. Sansar Chand spent the remaining years of his life there.

Being a great patron of art and culture, soon many famous artists flocked to his court. Till his death in 1824, Sujanpur- Tira and nearby Alampur were homes for the Katoch ruler where he indulged with arts and artists and has gone down in history as a true patron. There is the Barahdari hall within the fort of Sujanpur- Tira, which had twelve chambers for other rajas. Here, Sansar Chand Katoch used to hold his court.

The Kangra paintings reached the culmination point of Indian art at Sujanpur in the reign of Sansar Chand. Even today, the temple of Narbadeshwar, Gauri Shankar and Murli Manohar built by Sansar Chand bear a standing testimony to the unique art of Kangra paintings.

The devastating earthquake of 1905 in Kangra region had left a broken piece of history in the remnants of this fort and its great palace at Sujanpur- Tira. Some of the temples of Sujanpur Tihra may have been built over again but the Narbadeshwar temple survived the seismic shocks. The walls of this temple have given refuge to some of the finest frescoes of the famous Pahari School of painting. Archaeological Survey of India is helping to conserve its rich treasure.

Raja Sansar Chand Katoch, unable to recover the famed Kangra fort, may have died a broken man but even in faded glory he had kept alive the famous school of Pahari paintings and is still remembered as its greatest patron. Many of these miniature paintings representative of oriental character adorn the galleries of museums world over and have an emotive quality that appeal even today. The broken forts of Sujanpur- Tira and Nadaun and the shine of the frescoes on the walls of its temples and palaces with time may dimmed a little, the townships may have lost their importance but these places wait their turn to be discovered again.

There is a huge ground, where the annual Holi fair is held for 3-4 days, besides being used for sport activities. A Sainik school is also located here.

By the waters of the river Beas, the town has a charming setting and the river stretch offers good angling opportunities. This place is suitable for other adventure sports as well, such as angling, rafting and trekking.

Climate in Sujanpur Tira

It is situated on the bank of River Beas that’s why climate here varies from hot summer to chilly winters. In monsoon some times water level of River Beas covers the connecting bridge of Sujanpur Tihra.

Best Time to visit Sujanpur Tihra is in Summers.

How To Reach

By Train : The nearest railway station is Maranda (near Palampur) where narrow gauge runs up to Pathankot on one side and Jogindernagar to the other.

By Road : On one side it is connected to Una-Nangal by road, the other side it is connected towards Kangra, Pathankot; To Mandi-Manali and Ladakh and one side to Shimla.

Sujanpur is well-connected to all the major towns of Himachal Pradesh and of the country in all the directions through road network. It is just 25kms from Hamirpur , 35 kms from Palampur and around 120 km from Dharamshala. Today more than 200 buses cross this town to connect various other cities, villages. Taxis are also available for Sujanpur Tihra.

Temples in Sujanpur Tihra

Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch built large palaces and temples in Sujanpur Tira. Some of the temples are a piece of great architecture and Kangra paintings.There are five old temples at Tira and Sujanpur. The temple dedicated to

Gauri Shankar Temple in Sujanpur Tira

Raja Sansar Chand constructed Temple Gauri Shankar in 1793 A.D.. The temple that houses life-size statues in ‘ashtadhatu’ of Lord Shiva and his consort Parvati.

Murli Manohar Temple

Murli Manohar temple is known as Bansiwala Temple. It is situated on the left side of Chowgan ground. The temple of Murli Manohar was built around 1970 and 1823 A.D. It was constructed in Sujanpur Tira during the dynasty of Maharaj Sansar Chand . This Temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna and Radha. It is constructed in Shikar Style.

Narbadeshwar Temple

Temple Narbadeshwar was built by Pransani Devi, The Suketi rani of Raja Sansar Chand in Sujanpur Tira. This temple was aroud 1970 and 1823 AD. This temple is dedicated to Shiva and Parvati. This temple is full of historic paintings. This temple is contructed on open ground . The main temple is surrounded with many small temples.

Other Temples

Other reputed temples are  the Mahadev temple, Devi and Vyasheshwar dedicated to Rishi Vyas) temple.

Monumental ruins still stand in Tira

Palaces, courts and temples constructed by Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch continue to exist in Tira though have been ruined through the passage of time and earthquakes etc. You are able to discover numerous ruins there and can contemplate exactly how beautiful they must have been. Baradari ( the daily court) still stands and can be seen from the ‘Chuagan’ ground. He also constructed a large water reservoir to manage the requirements of day-to-day water for the whole Tira. Lots of work was completed by M. S. Randhawa who fell in love with Sujanpurtira and made an effort to recover areas of the heritage. He also started gathering the priceless Kangra paintings. Most of them are available in Chandigrah Museum and with last living king of Lambagraon. Some of the photographs will be appropriate to add here. Maharaja Sansar Chand died in 1824 in Alampur just across Sujanpurtira on the opposite side of Beas River.

Colleges and Schools

Sainik School

The Sainik Schools are a system of schools in India established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society. They were conceived in 1961 by V. K. Krishna Menon, the then Defence Minister of India, to rectify the regional and class imbalance amongst the Officer cadre of the Indian Military, and to prepare students for entry into the National Defence Academy (NDA), Khadakwasla, Pune and Indian Naval Academy. Today there are over 24 such schools covering all the states of the country.

List of Sainink Schools In India

State (click to see website)
Location
When Started
Authorised Strength

 Maharashtra

 Satara

 23.06.1961

650

 Haryana

 Kunjpura

 03.07.1961

575

 Punjab

 Kapurthala

 08.07.1961

600

 Gujarat

 Balachadi

 08.07.1961

625

 Rajasthan

 Chittorgarh

 07.08.1961

535

 Andhra Pradesh

 Korukonda

 18.01.1962

525

 Kerala

 Kazhakootam

 26.01.1962

675

 West Bengal

 Purulia

 29.01.1962

575

 Orissa

 Bhubaneswar

 01.02.1962

525

 Tamil Nadu

 Amaravathinagar

 16.07.1962

575

 Madhya Pradesh

 Rewa

 20.07.1962

600

 Jharkhand

 Tilaiya

 16.09.1963

870

 Karnataka

 Bijapur

 16.09.1963

460

 Assam

 Goalpara

 12.11.1964

525

 Uttarakhand

 Ghorakhal

 21.03.1966

525

 Jammu & Kashmir

 Nagrota

 22.08.1970

600

 Manipur

 Imphal

 07.10.1971

525

 Himachal Pradesh

 Sujanpur Tira

 02.07.1978

525

 Bihar

 Nalanda

 12.10.2003

433

 Bihar

 Gopalganj

 12.10.2003

389

 Nagaland

 Punglwa

 02.04.2007

320
 Karnataka  Kudage  18.10.2007 223
 Chhattisgarh  Ambikapur  2008 150 (Likely to be increased)
 Haryana  Rewari  2009 80 (Likely to be increased)

Web Site : http://sainikschoolsociety.org

Web Sainik School Sujanpur Tira : www.sainikschoolsujanpurtira.org

Sujanpur Tira