Kinnaur one of the most beautiful districts of Himachal Pradesh having an area of about 6,553 square kilometers is situated on the National Highway No. 22 connecting Indo Tibetan border. It is about 250 kms from Shimla. River Satluj that flows through the high mountains and offers breathtaking adventure sports like white water river rafting, fishing, angling and other water sports activities.

Kinnaur covered with the Tibet towards the east, in the northeast corner of Himachal Pradesh, about 235 kms from Shimla is a enormously amazing district obtaining the three high mountains ranges i.e. Zanskar, Greater Himalayas and Dhauladhar, attaching valleys of Sutlej, Spiti, Baspa and their tributaries. Each of the valleys are amazingly beautiful. The slopes are coated with thick wood, orchards, fields and picturesque hamlets. The much religious Shivlinga lies at the peak of Kinner Kailash mountain. The gorgeous district was unwrapped for the outsiders in 1989. The previous Hindustan-Tibet road passes through the Kinnaur valley along the bank of river Sutlej and lastly enters Tibet at Shipki La Pass. And it is not only the panoramic beauty which appeals to the young and old alike but also the life styles of the people, their culture, heritage, customs and traditions.

One can enjoy sightseeing, trekking and camping in Sangla Valley and Hangrang Valley. Kinnaur consists of very high mountains, deep valleys or gorges, glaciers and rivers. Three high mountains ranges i.e. Zanskar, Greater Himalayas and Dhauladhar are full of craggy rocks, enclosing valleys of Sutlej, Spiti, Baspa and their tributaries. The slopes are covered with thick wood, orchards, fields and picturesque hamlets. The mountains with elevations greater than 5,500 m have high peaks which remain covered with snow throughout the year. The highest peaks in Kinnaur are Leo Pargial (6,770 m) and Manirang (6,593 m). The famous 4,573-meter-high Kinner Kailash Mountain by whose side is the seventy-nine foot vertical rock formation that resembles a Shivalinga and changes color as the day passes. People from all over the world come for adventure trekking tour to Kinnaur from which Kinner Kailash parikarama is the most popular trek.

Kinnaur is also rich in flora & fauna. The culture and language is different from other parts of the state. The landscape of the area varies from lush green orchards of the scenic Sangla Valley to the stark magnificence of the Hangrang Valley..

This region is also famous for its local wine named Anguri. Alpine species like Jupiter, Pine, Fir, Cypress and Rhododendron can be found in Kinnaur, along with native trees such as Oak, Chestnut, Maple, Birch, Alder and Magnolia. Kinnaur is blessed with many rivers such as the Sutlej, which divides the district in almost two parts.

How To Reach Kinnaur

By Train to Kinnaur

The nearest narrow gauge railway station is at Shimla 250 km. ( approx.)

By Air

Nearest airport is Jubbar Hatti ( from Shimla to Kalpa ) 244 km.

By Road

Kinnaur is connected by regular buses and taxis. This hill station is connected by National Highway 22.


The isotherms of Kinnaur happen to match with that of London throughout the year. Most of Kinnaur enjoys a temperate climate due to its high elevation, with long winters from October to May, and short summers from June to September, Spring from April to May and Autum from September to October. The lower parts of the Sutlej Valley and the Baspa Valley receive monsoon rains. The upper areas of the valleys fall mainly in the rain-shadow area. These areas are considered to be arid regions, similar to the climate of Tibet.
Temprature: Maximum : 25 (approx.) Minimum: 0 to (-5) (approx.)
Altitude: altitude varies from 2,550-6,791 meters.

What to Wear in Kinaur

Summers in Kinnaur requires light woolen clothes while very heavy woolen clothes are required in the winter season

Best Time to Visit Kinaur

Kinnaur is a beautiful district to visit. Great natural scenes, rivers, valleys, high mountains, lakes and green pastures creates a mesmerizing scenes for tourists. Best time to visit the district is from April to October.

Tourist Attraction

The tract of Kinnaur district due to great variation in its elevation, climate and topography represents varied fauna and flaura. For the reasons for their ecological, faunal, floral and geomophilogical importance three wild life sanctuaries are set up in the district. The min objective of these are to save the rare species. Varied varieties of wildlife can be seen in these sanctuaries.

Kalpa (2758m)

Kalpa is situated on the old Hindustan Tibet Road at a distance of 260 km from Shimla. Earlier it was the District Headquarter of Kinnaur. British Governor General Lord Dalhousie’s visited in the 19th century. The Narayan-Nagani temple is an exemplary of local craftmanship. There are couple of Buddhist monasteries at Kalpa including the Hu-Bu-Ian-Car Gompa. .Kalpa is located close to the foot of 6050 meter high Kinner Kailash. This is the legendary winter home of Shiva. This is a spectacular sight early in the morning as the rising sun touches the snowy peaks with crimson and gold light.

Reckong Peo (2670m)

Reckong Peo is located 14 kms from Kalpa and 235 km from Shimla. It is the District Headquarter having a panoramic view of Kinner Kailash. . In the morning when the sun comes up, the mountains seems to turn translucent because of the crimson and gold light that falls on them from behind. Kinner Kailash mountain is regarded as one of the mythical homes of Lord Shiva, here is a 79 feet high rock formation that resembles Sivalinga. This Sivalinga changes the colour as the day passes. Also visible on the stretch is the peak of Raldang (5499 m). There is a Buddhist Monasteries in the Reckong Peo.


Leo is located 107 kms from Recong Poe. Leo too serves as a headquarters of sub-tehsil Hangrang in Puh subdivision. The main attraction here is the temple of Jamato.

Sangla (2621m)

Sangla, a populous village, situated on the right bank of the Baspa river, and 17 km from Karcham. The forest scenery all-around and the eternal snow peaks are picturesque. It is located in the famous Baspa valley. 2 km from Sangla is the fort of Kamru (300 m and this was the origin of rulers of Bushehar. Chitkul (3450 m) is the last village of the valley and beyond lies Tibet.

Chango (3058m)

At a distance of 122 km from Kalpa, is in the left bank of the river Spiti. At an elevation of 3058 m it is encircled by high hills on all sides. The view of the down valley from this village is mind boggling.

Chhitkul (3450m)

This is the last and highest village in the Baspa valley. It is situated on the right bank of the Baspa river. There are three temples of local goddess Mathi, the main one said to have been constructed about 500 years ago by a resident of Garhwal.


Kothi is also called Koshtampi is an ancient large village in tehsil Kalpa. It is over shadowed by Kinner Kailash peak which forms a magnificent backdrops. The village with its attractive temple, tanks and gracious willows green fields and fruit trees makes an altogether lovely landscape. The goddess Shuwang Chandika temple is in the village. There is yet another temple dedicated to Bhairon.

Lippa (2438m)

Situated near the left bank of Taiti stream. The grass of this village is said to be found to be very nourishing to cattle and horses. Ibex are said to be found in the nearby forest. There is a game sanctuary. There are three Buddhist temples dedicated to Galdang Chhoikar, Dunguir and Kangyur. Apart from the Buddhist temples there is yet another old sanctuary dedicated to Tangtashu, a local deity.

Moorang (3591m)

Situated on river Satluj 39 kms away from the Kalpa at a height of 2591 m. The location is very beautiful and approach to this picturesque village is through apricot orchard. The dell is encircled by the lofty mountains on every side, except westward open to the Satluj, on the bank of which there is an old fort believed to be built by Pandavas. The fort has a square structure situated on a knoll overlooking the Satluj. Its main gate is approachable by a detached ladder. It has a flat roof. The local deity is Urming and there are three structures dedicated to the deity each existing in Thwaring, Garmang and Shilling. Generally these are empty as the ark of the deity remains in the fort. On a sacred day the ark is taken to the above named places. The ark has got 18 ‘mukh’, made of silver, gold and brass. The 18 mukh represents the 18 days of the great epic Mahabharat.

Nichar (3150m)

Nichar at an altitude of 2150 m. This village is situated between Taranda and Wangtu on the left bank of Satluj .The scenery is enchanting and the climate is noted for its mildness. The village deity is goddess Ukha. If you go higher from here then there is chance to witness Ghoral, antelopes, black and red bears

Nako (3663m)

Situated above 3 kms above the Hangrang valley road and is 119 kms from Kalpa on the western direction of the huge mountains of Pargial. This is the highest village in the valley and the existence of lake formed out of the masses of the ice and snow above adds beauty to the village. Local village deity is Deodum and another Lagang temple with several idols exist here. This is the base for the trek to pargial peak.

Namgya (3048m)

Namgya is situated on the left bank of the Satluj river about two kms above the confluence of the Spiti river with the Satluj. It is surrounded by frightful barrenness and desolation, though close to the habitation on the opposite bank of a rivulet can be seen field of barley, buckweat, turnips and a few vines and apricots. There is a Buddhist temple named Lagang and four local goddess namely Chola, Bushahru, Dabla and Kuldeo Narain. Each of them has a separate labdak (mouthpiece).


Pooh is locally pronounced Spuwa. It is 71 kms from Reckong Peo. The green fields, vineyards, apricot, almond and grape orchards add to the beauty of the surroundings. . The local god is called Dabla, that is represented by a pole and adorned with Yak tail hair and long pieces of colored cloth.. The whole being called Fobrang, it is occasion brought to the Santhang.

Rakchham (3115m)

Rakchham is situated on the right bank of the river Baspa. Its name is derived from “Rak” a stone and “Cham” a bridge. It is said that in the earlier time there was a natural stone bridge over the Baspa river hence the name of the village.The site of the village is striking at the western exremity of a glen, and at the base a huge mass of bare rock, which rises abruptly in numerous black spires above the village.

Ribba (3745m)

Ribba or Rirang is another large populous village at a distance of 14 kms from Moorang, the tehsil hqrs. situated between the villages of Purbani and Rispa. In the local dialect ri stands for Chilgoza and rang means a peak of mountain.This village is situated on the northern flank of the lofty Kinner Kailash group. Its surroundings are full of the trees of edible pine.This as well as another village Rispa are known for their grapes orchards and the alcohol famous grape distilled from the vineyards of Ribba.

Adventure Tourism in Kinnaur

Kinnaur has tremendous scope of adventure tourism. There are many trekking routes in the district. Ski slopes are available at Kalpa and rock climbing can also be started in this district.

Walking has been a means of recreation and physical fitness. Trekking is essentially walking The noted routes for trekking in Kinnaur will be the Kinner Kailash Circuit popularly known as Parikrama. This 7 to 8 days long trek is a holy route. This trek can be best carried out during the months of July to October.

Another famous trekking route in Kinnaur is the Bhaba Pin Valley Trek that will take you to Spiti. This 9 day long trek is quiet strenuous and is ready to challenge even the most adroit trekker.

From the end of June to October indulge in Spiti Trek, that will take you across Baralaccha La Pass. It is a 19 day trek that will let you explore the town of Spiti extensively.

Kinnaur is also the destination for Mountain Cycling. Carrying out this sport in Kinnaur require the stretching of your mind, muscle and stamina.